Monday, 29 May 2017    HomeAbout UsContact Us     



You are here: Home / Worship (Ibaadah) / Du'a (Supplication)
Du'a (Invocation) Is Worship and is Of Two Types: Du'a of Need and Du'a of Worship
Filed under: Du'a (Supplication)
Thursday, April 15 2010 - by Abu.Iyaad
Key topics: Du'a Supplication Invocation

Bookmark and Share

Mail to a FriendPrinter friendly

Worship ( العبادة) is defined as:

A comprehensive term that incorporates everything that Allaah loves and is pleased with from the statements and actions, both inward and outward.

And thus, worship is of many different types, and they are mentioned in the Qur'an. And when something is declared to be worship, then it is not permissible for it to be directed to other than Allaah, and such worship occurs either in the heart, upon the tongue or through the limbs, all the forms and types of worship fall into any of these three categories.

Du'a (invocation) is worship

From its proofs are the saying of Allaah:

فَادْعُوا اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ

So, call you (O Muhammad and the believers) upon (or invoke) Allah, making (your) worship pure for Him (Alone)... (Ghafir 40:14)

Ibn Katheer commented:

أي فأخلصوا لله وحده العبادة والدعاء وخالفوا المشركين في مسلكهم ومذهبهم

Meaning, make your worship and your invocation purely and sincerely for Allaah alone, and oppose the pagans in their way and their religion.

And the pagans invoke others besides Allaah, hoping for their intercession or seeking them as a means of approach to Allaah, and Allaah refuted this in the Qur'an, and ordered that only He be invoked.

And also the saying of Allaah:

ادْعُواْ رَبَّكُمْ تَضَرُّعًا وَخُفْيَةً

Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret... (Al-A'raf 7:55)

And also the saying of Allaah:

وَأَنَّ الْمَسَاجِدَ لِلَّهِ فَلَا تَدْعُوا مَعَ اللَّهِ أَحَدًا

And the mosques are for Allah (Alone), so invoke not anyone along with Allah. (Al-Jinn 72:18)

Ibn Katheer comments:

يقول تعالى آمرا عباده أن يوحدوه في محال عبادته ولا يدعى معه أحد

The Most High says, commanding His slaves that they single Him out in arena of His worship and that none is invoked alongside Him...

And Ibn Jareer at-Tabari comments:

ولا تشركوا به فيها شيئا , ولكن أفردوا له التوحيد , وأخلصوا له العبادة

...[meaning], and do not associate anyone as a partner to Him therein, but rather single Him out with Tawhid (Pure Monotheism) and make worship purely and sincerely for Him (alone)...

And also the saying of Allaah:

فَلَا تَدْعُ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَهًا آخَرَ فَتَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُعَذَّبِينَ

So invoke not with Allah another ilah (god, deity) lest you be among those who receive punishment. (Ash-Shu'ara 26:213)

And also the saying of Allaah:

وَمَنْ أَضَلُّ مِمَّن يَدْعُو مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ مَن لَّا يَسْتَجِيبُ لَهُ إِلَى يَومِ الْقِيَامَةِ وَهُمْ عَن دُعَائِهِمْ غَافِلُونَ وَإِذَا حُشِرَ النَّاسُ كَانُوا لَهُمْ أَعْدَاء وَكَانُوا بِعِبَادَتِهِمْ كَافِرِينَ

And who is more astray than one who calls (invokes) besides All?h, such as will not answer him till the Day of Resurrection, and who are (even) unaware of their calls (invocations) to them? And when mankind are gathered (on the Day of Resurrection), they (false deities) will become enemies for them and will deny their worshipping. (Al-Ahqaf 46:6)

And there are many similar verses in this regard, through which it is firmly established that du'a (invocation) is worship and thus is not to be directed except to Allaah alone.

Calling Upon Someone In A Matter In Which They Have Ability

All of the above verses are in reference to supplication (du'a) in such matters that only Allaah alone has the power over and thus whoever invoked others besides Allaah for that in which only Allaah has power over, then he has committed shirk (associationism) and kufr (disbelief), irrespective of whether the one being called upon is living or dead.

As for invoking a living person for that in which he is capable, such as saying, "O so and so, feed me", or saying, "O so and so, give me drink", or saying, "O so and so, help me to carry these goods" and so on, then there is no harm in this.

And whoever called upon one who is dead, or who is absent (i.e. not present there and then) with the likes of these requests (food, drink, assistance and so on), then he has committed shirk (associationism), because the dead and the absent are not able to provide the likes of these affairs, and a person would not have called upon them for these things except due to his belief that they are able to provide these things whilst being absent, and if he had not believed this, he would not have called upon them, rather he would have called upon Allaah alone.

Du'a Is Of Two Types: That Of Need and That of worship

The Scholars explain that du'a is of two types, the first is an explicit request made such as "O Allaah, forgive me!", and "O Allaah provide for me!" and "O Allaah, show mercy to me!" and "O Allaah guide me!" and "O Allaah, grant me a righteous spouse", and "O Allaah grant me success!" and so on. All of these are specific requests, for specific needs and this is called (دعاء المسألة), "The invocation of need". This type of du'a is accompanied with other forms of worship, particularly those of the heart, such as love, hope, aspiration, reliance, awe and the likes.

As the for second, (دعاء العبـادة), "the invocation of worship", then this covers every act of worship in the sense that when you perform any act of worship, whether it is inward, outward, verbal or non-verbal, then even if you are not expressing it explicitly with your tongue, you are nevertheless, by way of the performance of that action, asking from Allaah. For example, by giving charity, which is worship, you are asking, by way of your action, even if you do not verbally express it, for reward, mercy and forgiveness and the likes. And the same applies to all other actions of worship. Thus, this is called "the invocation of worship", in the sense that you are invoking Allaah (silently) through the actions you are performing.

Now both of these two types of worship are intended by the verses that are mentioned above, and when you refer back to the classical commentaries of the Qur'an you find that they use du'a, interchangeably with ibaadah, because that is exactly how it has been used in the Qur'an.

Prohibition of Invoking Others Besides Allaah

From the above, everything that occurs in the Qur'an of the command to invoke Allah and Him alone, praising of those who invoke only Him alone, the prohibition of invoking others, and the absence of any benefit of invoking others besides Allaah, as occurs frequently in the Qur'an, then this applies to both forms of invocation mentioned above.

The issue of invocation is also connected to other forms of worship such as isti'aanah (seeking aid), isti'aadah (seeking refuge) and istighaathah (seeking rescue), and these will be dealt with separately in other articles.



Link to this article:   Show: HTML LinkFull LinkShort Link
Related Articles:
Add a Comment (comments are currently moderated)
You must be registered and logged in to comment.


Between Fakhr ud-Din ar-Razi (d. 606H), Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728H) and Ibn Abdul-Wahhaab (d. 1175H) on Seeking Shafaa'ah From Intermediaries (7)
Resource Books
The Book of Monotheism
The Three Principles
The Four Rules
Removing the Doubts
Types of Worship
Du'a (Supplication)
Mahabbah (Love)
Khawf (Fear)
Rajaa' (Hope)
Tawakkul (Reliance)
Raghbah (Aspiration)
Rahbah (Apprehensive Fear)
Khushoo' (Submissive Humility)
Khashyah (Awe)
Inaabah (Penitence)
Isti'aanah (Seeking Aid)
Isti'aadhah (Seeking Refuge)
Istighaathah (Seeking Rescue)
Dhabh (Sacrifice)
Nadhr (Making Oath)
Topics
Shafaa'ah
Tawassul
Tabarruk (Seeking Blessing)
Talismans and Amulets
Fortune-Telling
Astrology
Magic
Saint and Grave Worship
Omens and Superstition
Ruqyah (Incantations)
Riyaa (Showing Off)
Minor Shirk
Latest Articles
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah on Requesting the Dead to Supplicate to Allaah
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah on Asking Intermediaries to Ask Allaah on Their Behalf
Shaykh Saalih Aal al-Shaykh on The Ruling on Requesting the Prophet's Supplication After His Death
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah on Those Requesting Supplication and Intercession From Inhabitants of Graves
Ibn Taymiyyah on Various Manifestations of Shirk: Seeking Intercession and Requesting Supplication From the Dead
Shaykh Saalih Aal al-Shaykh Clarifying Statement of Ibn Taymiyyah Regarding Requesting the Dead's Supplication and Bid'ah
Shaykh Ubayd al-Jaabiree: An Explanation of the Verse 'Those Who Believe and Do Not Mix Their Faith with Oppression'
Between Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (d. 606H) and Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad bin Saud (d. 1218H) on Seeking Shafaa'ah From Other Than Allaah
Between Fakhr ud-Din ar-Razi (d. 606H), Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728H) and Ibn Abdul-Wahhaab (d. 1175H) on Seeking Shafaa'ah From Intermediaries - Part 7
Between Fakhr ud-Din ar-Razi (d. 606H), Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728H) and Ibn Abdul-Wahhaab (d. 1175H) on Seeking Shafaa'ah From Intermediaries - Part 6
A Beginners Guide to Arabic Grammar good resource
Search This Site

 Other Websites
 Aqidah.Com - Islamic Belief
 AboveTheThrone.Com
 Asharis.Com
 Maturidis.Com
 Dajjaal.Com - The Antichrist
 Takfiris.Com
 IslamAgainstExtremism.Com
 Bidah.Com
 IbnTaymiyyah.Com
 Manhaj.Com

Most Popular
The Definition, Pillars and Conditions of Worship (العبادة) - Part 1 - The Definition
Shaykh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah on Intercession and the Affirmed and Rejected Types of Intermediaries
Du'a (Invocation) Is Worship and is Of Two Types: Du'a of Need and Du'a of Worship
False Worship and False Religion Derives From Four Roots Which Have All Been Negated By the Qur'an
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah on Requesting the Dead to Supplicate to Allaah
Between Fakhr ud-Din ar-Razi (d. 606H), Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728H) and Ibn Abdul-Wahhaab (d. 1175H) on Seeking Shafaa'ah From Intermediaries - Part 1
Ibn Battah al-Ukbari (d. 387H) on the Three Aspects of The Tawhid of the Messengers
An Explanation of the Fact that Mere Affirmation of a Creator Does Not Comprise the Whole of The Tawhid (Monotheism) That the Messengers Invited To
The Affirmation of an Originator and Creator is the Most Self-Evident Truth But is Not What the Call of the Messengers Was Focused Upon
Between Fakhr ud-Din ar-Razi (d. 606H), Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728H) and Ibn Abdul-Wahhaab (d. 1175H) on Seeking Shafaa'ah From Intermediaries - Part 5

Tags
aal saud abd al-aziz bin saud antony flew ar-razi dhulm du'a fakh ud-din ar-razi fakhr ud-din ar-razi ibaadah ibn battah ibraaheem al-harbee ibrahim al-harbi intercession intermediaries invocation kashf ush-shubuhaat lordship oppression ruboobiyyah shafaa'ah shirk supplication tawassul tawhid categories waasitah waseelah worship

Archives
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010


© TawhidFirst.Com. All rights reserved.